What is CVI?


Three Rights

Three Key Rights for those with CVI

This section aims to serves a practical purpose only.

We regularly refer to the same groupings of rights that can become challenging when you have CVI.

Rather than re-write lengthy explanations repeatedly, we will refer to them generically as the Three Rights or individually as

  • the right to Learn
  • the right to Independence
  • the right to effective Social Interaction

and link back to this section for reference.

We are not making any political statements about the rights of the individual (for further information the United Nations has produced comprehensive reports on Human Rights).

The Right to Learn

We can only learn from what is perceivable.

Our right learn is not limited to school, but throughout life.

This includes (but is not limited to) the following all being accessible, perceivable and understandable to the individual, as appropriate and needed:

  • toys and games
  • spoken language
  • teaching methods
  • stories, books and literature
  • computers and information technology
  • art
  • music
  • job skills, trades and training
  • professional training
  • higher education

The list is potentially endless, and when considering the person with CVI's Right to Learn, one needs to consider what is relevant to them based on their developmental level, needs and interests.

Right to Independence

This includes (where) feasible independent mobility, and habilitation or rehabilitation as appropriate.

The Right to Independence is the individual's right, where possible and as needed to:

  • move or travel independently
  • attend to personal skills including dressing, washing and continence care, if not independently, then with care and dignity
  • have access (where possible) to all public areas and places
  • make their own choices and manage their own lives

Right to Effective Social Interaction

Everyone needs people.

CVI can create challenges in relation to social interaction. This is explained throughout this website, particularly in the Behaviours section.

In addition to the three rights we take for granted agreement that individuals have a right to:

  • not feel frightened or threatened
  • feel safe and secure
  • be loved

Critically, everyone with CVI has the right to be themselves.


Your generous donations will be put to immediate use in supporting our charity...

Donate Here

About Us

At CVI Scotland we are devoted to helping people understand cerebral visual impairments, and together working towards developing the understanding of this complex condition.