Lessons

Course Data for Continuing Professional Development (CPD)

Posted by Helen St Clair Tracy in Course Data
Published: 12/01/2022, 12:23am | Updated: 14/01/2022, 6:38am

CVI Scotland's lessons are suitable for continuing professional development (CPD) programmes.

The lessons require no previous knowledge and start simply, but step by step take the learner to an advanced level of understanding. They are free to all users and relevant for all involved in supporting a person / people, both adults and children, who may have CVI, covering all salient professions. The lessons, in addition to teaching about CVI are designed to have practical applications and many include behaviours to look out for and targeted support strategies. The lessons have been written to be studied in order, starting with Level 1 where key terminology used throughout the lessons is introduced and explained.

Data
Each lesson is made up of a video tutorial from Professor Gordon Dutton followed by a website lesson. The lessons are organised in twelve levels. Some lessons are shorter than others. The tables list the length of the video tutorial in minutes and the website lesson (in words). The number of words given does not include further reading suggestions or diagrams.

The information below enables you to allocate the CPD points you feel are appropriate, if this is needed.

Questions
Each individual lesson has a check list of questions at the end, covering what should have been understood and mastered. The last lesson of each level has a list of all the questions from each checklist in that level. We have created a few questions we feel would be a good indicator of understanding relating to each level. Some levels have more lessons and this is reflected in the number of questions. You can of course select or create your own questions.

Course Data Tables

Summary Table

This is a summary of each level including the number of lessons in that level, total duration of the video tutorials in minutes and the total number of words.This is a summary of each level including the number of lessons in that level, total duration of the video tutorials in minutes and the total number of words.

Level 1 - The Brain. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 1 - The Brain. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 2 - How the Brain Learns. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 2 - How the Brain Learns. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 3 - Introduction to the Visual Brain. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 3 - Introduction to the Visual Brain. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 4 - Self Referencing. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 4 - Self Referencing. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 5 - CVIs Basic (Occipital). Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 5 - CVIs Basic (Occipital). Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 6 - CVIs Visual Field Impairments. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 6 - CVIs Visual Field Impairments. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 7 - CVIs Movement & Dorsal. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 7 - CVIs Movement & Dorsal. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 8 - CVIs Ventral. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 8 - CVIs Ventral. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 9 - Dorsal (2). Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 9 - Dorsal (2). Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 10 - Temporal Lobe. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 10 - Temporal Lobe. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 11 - Brain Disorders of Visual Processing. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 11 - Brain Disorders of Visual Processing. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Level 12 - Visual Processing Disorders affecting Reading & Numbers. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.Level 12 - Visual Processing Disorders affecting Reading & Numbers. Individual lessons including length of video tutorial and words in the website lesson.

Sample CPD Questions:

Level 1 - The Brain

  • What is the difference between cortical and cerebral?
  • Where are the posterior parietal lobes in relation to the occipital lobes?
  • What is the area MT (standing for the location, middle temporal) responsible for?
  • What are the broad differences between memories stored in the left and right temporal lobes?
  • Where are the temporal lobes?

Level 2 - How the Brain Learns

  • Explain how the processes of experience, memory and recognition contribute to learning.
  • Give three reasons why experiences may not be learnable or accessible for people with CVI and explain why.
  • What is the difference between short term memory and long term memory?
  • Explain the recognition process.
  • How important is the word / name or label given to things we see and experience?

Level 3 - Introduction to the Visual Brain

  • What is visual acuity a measure of?
  • What are the names given to the area in the brain where visual acuity is processed?
  • What is the difference between visual acuity and contrast sensitivity?
  • What is the role of the optic radiation in relation to the visual field?
  • What are, and where are the dorsal and ventral streams?
  • What is reflex vision?

Level 4 - Self-Referencing

  • What is self-referencing?
  • Explain why CVI is a hidden disability.

Level 5 - CVIs Basic (Occipital)

  • Explain reduced visual acuity in terms of line-width.
  • How is contrast sensitivity measured?
  • Why can reduced contrast sensitivity be missed in sight testing?
  • "Colour is an abstract concept." Explain.
  • What are colour preferences.

Level 6 - CVI's Visual Field Impairments

  • How is hemianopia different from hemi-inattention?
  • What is the difference between blindsight and the Riddoch Phenomenon?
  • Explain different degrees of lower visual field impairment, and how they are different.
  • Which parts of the occipital lobes relate to which quarters of the visual field?
  • Name two different parts of the brain that can cause a left superior quadrantanopia.
  • Which common cerebral visual impairment in children can visual field constriction be mistaken for?

Level 7 - CVI's Movement & Dorsal

  • What is the difference between dyskinetopsia and akinetopsia?
  • What is optic ataxia?
  • What is simultanagnostic vision?
  • Why do we use the term simultanagnostic vision rather than simultanagnosia?
  • Why 'technically' can't non-verbal children have apraxia of gaze?

Level 8 - CVIs Ventral

  • Why is recognising faces such a demanding brain process?
  • Explain different ways different cerebral visual impairments can affect recognising faces and recognising facial expressions.
  • What is affective blindsight?
  • What is a route in terms of visual memory?

Level 9 - Dorsal (2)

  • Explain the posterior parietal 'mapping' process in terms of what it helps you do, and difficulties when not working typically.
  • What is a voxel and why can it be helpful to explain the posterior parietal mapping process?
  • Why might some children with CVI also have difficulties processing sounds?
  • What does the term parallel processing, in relation to the brain mean?
  • Name ways you can help someone with CVI affected by reduced parallel processing.

Level 10 - Temporal Lobe

  • "Prosopagnosia is a cause of impaired facial recognition, not the only cause." Explain.
  • Where in the brain are most people's stores of faces located?
  • Why might someone who has difficulty recognising faces also have difficulty recognising routes?
  • Explain the connection, in terms of the brain, between shapes and objects.
  • What is integrative agnosia?
  • How is topographic agnosia different from route recognition difficulties caused by other cerebral visual impairments?

Level 11 - Brain Disorders of Visual Processing

  • What is palinopsia?
  • Explain three different types of visual experience due to palinopsia.
  • How and why can eye disorders lead to visual hallucinations?
  • What is the difference between formed and unformed visual hallucinations?

Level 12 - Visual processing Disorders affecting Reading & Numbers

  • Why can CVI cause difficulties learning numbers and mathematics?
  • Which reading difficulties come under the term dyslexia?
  • Which reading difficulties do not come under the term dyslexia and why?
  • How are reading and writing different in terms of basic brain processes?
  • Why can CVI affect writing?

See also Newsletter 36 - Lessons Course & CPD

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At CVI Scotland we are devoted to helping people understand cerebral visual impairments, and together working towards developing the understanding of this complex condition.